Quick Answer: What Is The Name Given To Hantavirus In America?

Where does hantavirus occur?

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is most common in rural areas of the western United States during the spring and summer months.

Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome also occurs in South America and Canada.

Other hantaviruses occur in Asia, where they cause kidney disorders rather than lung problems..

What are the first signs of hantavirus?

Early symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders. These symptoms are universal. There may also be headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

How easy is it to get hantavirus?

Cohen: Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is rare — the chance of getting the disease is 1 in 13,000,000, which is less likely than being struck by lightning.

How can you prevent hantavirus?

Can hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) be prevented?Stay away from places where rodents leave droppings.Wear rubber gloves and a mask that covers your nose and face during exposure to mouse droppings.Use disinfectant to sanitize areas containing mouse droppings so infected dust does not spread in the air.More items…•

Is there anything called hantavirus?

Hantaviruses are a family of viruses spread mainly by rodents and can cause varied disease syndromes in people worldwide. Infection with any hantavirus can produce hantavirus disease in people. Hantaviruses in the Americas are known as “New World” hantaviruses and may cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS).

Who has the hantavirus?

In the United States, deer mice (along with cotton rats and rice rats in the southeastern states and the white-footed mouse in the Northeast) are reservoirs of the hantaviruses. The rodents shed the virus in their urine, droppings, and saliva.

Why is hantavirus so rare?

And even though 15-20 percent of deer mice are infected with hantavirus, Cobb explains, it’s a rare disease for humans to contract, mostly because the virus dies shortly after contact with sunlight, and it can’t spread from one person to another.

Can you survive hantavirus?

Even healthy people who inhale hantavirus can get a fatal infection.

Can you get hantavirus from old mouse droppings?

A person may be exposed to hantavirus by breathing contaminated dust after disturbing or cleaning rodent droppings or nests, or by living or working in rodent-infested settings. Typically one to five cases are reported each year and about one out of three people diagnosed with HPS have died.

Does hantavirus go away on its own?

Previous observations of patients that develop HPS from New World Hantaviruses recover completely. No chronic infection has been detected in humans. Some patients have experienced longer than expected recovery times, but the virus has not been shown to leave lasting effects on the patient.

How did hantavirus start?

In November 1993, the specific hantavirus that caused the Four Corners outbreak was isolated. The Special Pathogens Branch at CDC used tissue from a deer mouse that had been trapped near the New Mexico home of a person who had gotten the disease and grew the virus from it in the laboratory.

What disinfectant kills hantavirus?

The disinfectant solution should be 10 percent chlorine bleach and 90 per- cent water (1.5 cups of bleach to 1 gallon of water). The chlorine bleach destroys the virus. Some clean- ing solutions will kill the hantavirus but others will not. That’s why it is best to use chlorine bleach.

What if I vacuumed mouse droppings?

How should residents properly get rid of rat or mouse droppings and other rodent evidence? including feces, urine and nesting material. When these substances are swept or vacuumed they can break up, forcing virus particles into the air where they can easily be inhaled, infecting the person doing the cleaning.

What is the survival rate of hantavirus?

Although rare, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is frequently fatal, with a case fatality rate of 36%. Patients with hantavirus infection typically present in a nonspecific way with a relatively short febrile prodrome lasting 3-5 days.

How long is hantavirus active?

Hantaviruses have been shown to be viable in the environment for 2 to 3 days at normal room temperature. The ultraviolet rays in sunlight kill hantaviruses.

Is hantavirus in the US?

As of January 2017, 728 cases of hantavirus disease have been reported since surveillance in the United States began in 1993. These are all laboratory-confirmed cases and include hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and non-pulmonary hantavirus infection.

Do house mice carry the hantavirus?

In North America, they are the deer mouse, the white-footed mouse, the rice rat, and the cotton rat. However, not every deer mouse, white-footed mouse, rice rat, or cotton rat carries a hantavirus. Other rodents, such as house mice, roof rats, and Norway rats, have never been known to give people HPS.