Quick Answer: What Is The Difference Between Eastern And Oriental Orthodox Churches?

What are the different Orthodox churches?

The Eastern Orthodox ChurchesChurch of Constantinople (ancient)Church of Alexandria (ancient)Church of Antioch (ancient)Church of Jerusalem (ancient)Church of Russia (established in 1589)Church of Serbia (1219)Church of Romania (1925)Church of Bulgaria (927)More items…•.

What is the major difference between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches?

The Orthodox Church believes the Holy Spirit “proceeds from God the Father,” while for Catholics and Protestants, the Holy Spirit “proceeds from the Father and the Son.” Some Orthodox believers see the Catholic/Protestant version as underestimating the role of the Father in the Trinity, while critics of the Orthodox …

Is the Orthodox church the true church?

The claim to the title of the “one true church” relates to the first of the Four Marks of the Church mentioned in the Nicene Creed: “one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church”. … For example, the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches each regard the other as schismatic and at very least heterodox, if not heretical.

How is Roman Catholicism different from Christianity?

Thus, all Roman Catholics are Christian, but not all Christians are Roman Catholic. … Broadly, Roman Catholicism differs from other Christian churches and denominations in its beliefs about the sacraments, the roles of the Bible and tradition, the importance of the Virgin Mary and the saints, and the papacy.

What are the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Western Christianity?

Another difference between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church is the language. The Catholic Church services are in Latin while the Eastern Orthodox Churches services are in native languages. This caused a schism between the Eastern and Western beliefs and churches in the Roman Empire.

How do I convert from Catholic to Orthodox?

To change from a Catholic to an orthodox Christian requires that you repent of sin and by faith trust in the finished work of Christ on the cross, believe in the bodily resurrection of Jesus, and ask Him to come into your heart and be your personal savior.

Is Greek Orthodox similar to Catholic?

Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox believers both believe in the same God. 2. Roman Catholics deem the Pope as infallible, while Greek Orthodox believers don’t. … Latin is the main language used during Roman Catholic services, while Greek Orthodox churches use native languages.

Is Orthodox the oldest religion?

Historically, the Greek Orthodox Church is the oldest Christian sect.

Does the Orthodox Church believe in purgatory?

The Orthodox Church does not believe in purgatory (a place of purging), that is, the inter-mediate state after death in which the souls of the saved (those who have not received temporal punishment for their sins) are purified of all taint preparatory to entering into Heaven, where every soul is perfect and fit to see …

What is the difference between Eastern and Western Church?

While worshiping, the Western Church promotes kneeling position in prayer while Eastern Orthodox places of worship have normally standing followers. Unleavened bread (made without yeast) is utilized as a part of Roman church customs, while the Orthodox Church utilizes leavened bread.

What is the difference between Greek Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox?

Historically, the term “Greek Orthodox” has been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox churches in general, since “Greek” in “Greek Orthodox” can refer to the heritage of the Byzantine Empire. … Thus, the Eastern Church came to be called “Greek” Orthodox in the same way that the Western Church is called “Roman” Catholic.

Which is older Catholic or Orthodox?

Most early Christian clergy recognised the primacy and prominence of Rome, where the Pope resided. Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all. … Indian Orthodox church is not exactly (Eastern) Orthodox, which are doctrinally very close to Catholics.

Why did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?

The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.

Is Catholic the first church in the world?

The Catholic Church is the oldest institution in the western world. It can trace its history back almost 2000 years. … Catholics believe that the Pope, based in Rome, is the successor to Saint Peter whom Christ appointed as the first head of His church.

What Bible does the Orthodox Church use?

the New King James Version of the BibleThe Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.

Do Orthodox believe Mary was sinless?

The sinlessness of Mary refers to the doctrine in which Mary, mother of Jesus chose not to sin. It is upheld by the Eastern Orthodox Church, as well as by high church Lutherans.

Can a Catholic go to an Orthodox church?

In the case that it is impossible to approach a Catholic minister, that it is a case of real need or spiritual benefit, and that the danger of error or indifferentism is avoided, the Catholic Church permits its faithful to receive Communion in Orthodox Churches, although Orthodox Churches do not honour this and only …

Can Orthodox marry Catholic?

Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. … Catholic canon law allows marriage between a Catholic and an Orthodox only if permission is obtained from the Catholic bishop.

Can Orthodox priests marry?

In the Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodoxy, celibacy is the norm for bishops; married men may be ordained to the priesthood, but even married priests whose wives pre-decease them are not allowed to enter marriage after ordination.

Why is the Orthodox cross different?

The Russian Orthodox cross differs from the Western cross. The cross usually has three crossbeams, two horizontal and the third one is a bit slanted. … The slanted line reminds us of the two thieves on both sides of the cross. One of them to the right of Christ ascended to Heaven, while the other one sank to Hell.

What is the meaning of Orthodox?

adjective. of, relating to, or conforming to the approved form of any doctrine, philosophy, ideology, etc. of, relating to, or conforming to beliefs, attitudes, or modes of conduct that are generally approved. customary or conventional, as a means or method; established.