What Is The Difference Between FOB And CIF?

What is the difference FOB and CIF?

In CIF, the seller is responsible for transporting goods to the nearest port, loading the goods on the ship and paying freight for the goods to be delivered to a port chosen by the buyer.

In FOB trading, the seller is only responsible for taking the goods to the nearest port on his or her end..

What is FOB shipping term?

Free On Board (FOB) is a shipment term used to indicate whether the seller or the buyer is liable for goods that are damaged or destroyed during shipping. “FOB shipping point” or “FOB origin” means the buyer is at risk and takes ownership of goods once the seller ships the product.

How is FOB and CIF price calculated?

In order to find CIF value, the freight and insurance cost are to be added. 20% of FOB value is taken as freight. Means USD 200.00. Insurance is calculated as 1.125% – USD 13.00 (rounded off).

Who pays the freight on FOB?

FOB freight prepaid and allowed specifies that the seller is obligated to pay the freight transportation charges and owns the goods while they are in transit. The seller assumes the risk of loss of or the damage of goods during transit. The title of goods passes to the buyer at the buyer’s business location.

When should I use CIF?

Importers generally buy CIF if they are new in international trade or they have very small cargo. It is a more convenient way of shipping since they don’t have to deal with freight or other shipping details, but you must realize that you are probably paying a lot more to get the goods than you should.

Does CIF include unloading?

If CIF is the customs valuation basis, the costs of unloading the vessel, clearing customs, and delivery to the buyer’s premises in the country of destination—including inland insurance—must be deducted to arrive at the CIF value.

What is a CIF?

Cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) is an expense paid by a seller to cover the costs, insurance, and freight of a buyer’s order while it is in transit. The goods are exported to a port named in the sales contract.

What is FOB CIF and CNF?

What does it mean to ship Freight on Board (FOB) as opposed to Cost Insurance and Freight (CIF) or just Cost and Freight (CNF)? … CIF means they will pay for the cost, the insurance and the freight, where CNF means the consignee is responsible for the insurance only.

How is CIF value calculated?

CIF (Cost, Insurance, Freight) value is the total value of “Invoice value + Insurance + Freight + Ex-work charges (If any)”. Note:- The above calculation is for FOB & Ex-Work shipments.

Which is better CIF or CFR?

Cost and freight (CFR) and cost, insurance, and freight (CIF) are terms used in international trade for the shipping of goods by sea. … CIF is similar to CFR, except it also requires the seller to take out an agreed amount of marine insurance to protect against the loss, damage, or destruction of the order.

What is FOB CIF C&F prices?

Key Takeaways. Cost, Insurance and Freight and Free on Board are international shipping agreements used in the transportation of goods between a buyer and a seller. CIF is considered a more expensive option when buying goods. FOB contracts relieve the seller of responsibility once the goods are shipped.

Which is better CIP or CIF?

It is clearer with CIF, as the seller agrees to purchase marine insurance to cover the journey up to the seaport of destination. On the other hand, although CIP generally sets upfront that the seller is required to purchase insurance, there are no hard rules on how much coverage minimum is required.