What Dialect Is Standard German Based On?

What is the most common German dialect?

MitteldeutschSpoken in a number of different ways all across the middle of the country, Mitteldeutsch (Middle German) is the most widely spoken dialect in the country..

What is the longest word in German?

The classic longest German word is Donaudampfschiffahrtsgesellschaftskapitän, clocking in with 42 letters. In English, it becomes four words: “Danube steamship company captain.” However, it’s not the only super long word in the German language and, technically, it’s not even the longest.

Can High German understand Low German?

High German and Low German are dialects of Standard German. What is the difference between High German and Low German? They both sound Germanic but speakers of one can hardly understand the other. The adjectives “High” and “Low” have nothing to do with upper class or lower class and do not infer social status.

Why does Germany have so many dialects?

All dialects of German have their origins in the languages spoken by the various Germanic tribes, which means there isn’t a high level of mutual intelligibility between some of them. … East Low German can be heard in northeastern Germany and also in some parts of Poland. Each of these dialects has its own varieties.

Why is it called high German?

As a technical term, the “high” in High German is a geographical reference to the group of dialects that forms “High German” (i.e. “Highland” German), out of which developed Standard German, Yiddish and Luxembourgish.

Are dialects dying?

CHINESE dialects are on the brink of extinction. And it’s happening sooner that expected. The declining use of dialects among the younger generation is inevitable as Mandarin becomes the common language of the Chinese community, author Rita Sim notes.

Should dialects be preserved?

Language and dialects preserve the unique cultural elements of a given place. As people travel more frequently, they exchange goods and ideas. Thus, the blending of cultures has become easier and more commonplace. … Dialects are important for international business and the overall well-being of our world.

Is Waltersobchakeit a real word?

Waltersobchakeit is not an actual (German) word. Therefore, it has no meaning at all. The word stems from the movie Big Lebowski, where one of the characters is named Walter Sobchak.

Is Swiss German different than German?

Swiss Standard German is virtually identical to Standard German as used in Germany, with most differences in pronunciation, vocabulary, and orthography. For example, Swiss Standard German always uses a double s (ss) instead of the eszett (ß). There are no official rules of Swiss German orthography.

Is standard German understood in Switzerland?

And while the many Swiss dialects (there is no single “Swiss German”) are very important for Swiss identity, “Standard” German is perfectly understood. … Written German in Switzerland differs slightly regarding minor spelling details and some vocabulary, but is 99% identical to written Germany or Austrian German.

What does Fanny mean in German?

fanny, the ~ (bottombuttocksassbumbehindarsebacksiderumprear) Arsch, der ~ Noun. Gesäß, das ~ Noun.

Are German dialects dying out?

Yes. Fewer people are speaking dialects, and those people who are speaking dialects are incorporating more and more standard German features, i.e., the dialects are being watered down. The causes are the same as in many other countries.

What is the difference between German and High German?

The main difference between High and Low German is in the sound system, especially in the consonants. High German, the language of the southern highlands of Germany, is the official written language.

How do you say hello in Swiss German?

How to say “Hello” in SwitzerlandIn German: Say “Grüezi” to greet one person, or “Grüezi Mitenand” to greet two or more people.In Italian: “Buongiorno” during the day and “Buonasera” in the evening.In Romansh: “Bun di” for good morning. Pronounced as “boon dee”

What is standard German based on?

East Central GermanStandard German is based on East Central German (Thuringian/East Franconian) dialects, while the almost vanished Hanoverian dialect is a variant of Low German (Low Saxon dialect). The people of Hanover are said to speak the “purest” Standard German by most successfully avoiding their dialect and losing their accent.

Are there different German dialects?

Dialects in Germany The variation among German dialects ranges. … When spoken in their purest form, Low German, most Upper German, High Franconian dialects and even some Central German dialects are unintelligible to those versed only in Standard German.

Is it easier to learn German or Russian?

For native English speakers German is one of the easier languages to learn. For native speakers of something Slavic (e.g., Polish, Croatian, Slovenian, etc), Russian will be easier. It depends on your first language. German orthography is also more like how German is pronounced than Russian orthography is.

What High German means?

Noun. High German (countable and uncountable, plural High Germans) A native or inhabitant of the southern highlands of Germany; a High German speaker.

What is the shortest German word?

42 Short and Easy German WordsHallo – Hello.Danke – Thank You.Nein – No.Ja – Yes.Lecker – Delicious.Woche – week.Heute – today.Morgen – tomorrow.More items…•

Why does Swiss German sound like Dutch?

It’s (obviously) because they’re both Germanic languages and closely-related West Germanic languages at that. Maybe Germans think “Alemannic” and “Netherlandic” have different “phonology”, but the strongly accented off-on stress pattern is similar in both languages.