Quick Answer: Who Was The Father Of Philosophy?

Who was first Socrates or Plato?

Socrates came first, and Plato was his student, around 400 BC.

The Athenians voted to kill Socrates in 399 BC..

Who is better Plato or Aristotle?

Though many more of Plato’s works survived the centuries, Aristotle’s contributions have arguably been more influential, particularly when it comes to science and logical reasoning. While both philosophers’ works are considered less theoretically valuable in modern times, they continue to have great historical value.

What did Aristotle and Plato disagree on?

Aristotle rejected Plato’s theory of Forms but not the notion of form itself. For Aristotle, forms do not exist independently of things—every form is the form of some thing.

What are the 7 branches of philosophy?

Branches of philosophyAesthetics.Epistemology.Ethics.Logic.Metaphysics.Philosophy of mind.Other.African philosophy.More items…

Who are the founders of philosophy?

Plato, (born 428/427 bce, Athens, Greece—died 348/347, Athens), ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 bce), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 bce), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence.

Is Aristotle the father of philosophy?

—322 B.C.E.) Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. … As the father of western logic, Aristotle was the first to develop a formal system for reasoning.

Who founded logic?

AristotleIn the Western World, logic was first developed by Aristotle, who called the subject ‘analytics’. Aristotelian logic became widely accepted in science and mathematics and remained in wide use in the West until the early 19th century.

What is a philosopher?

noun. a person who offers views or theories on profound questions in ethics, metaphysics, logic, and other related fields. a person who is deeply versed in philosophy. … a person who regulates his or her life, actions, judgments, utterances, etc., by the light of philosophy or reason.

Who is the first philosopher?

ThalesAristotle defined wisdom as knowledge of certain principles and causes (Metaph. 982 a2-3). He commenced his investigation of the wisdom of the philosophers who preceded him, with Thales, the first philosopher, and described Thales as the founder of natural philosophy (Metaph.

Where is the birthplace of philosophy?

Ancient Greeceethics. Ancient Greece was the birthplace of Western philosophical ethics.

Who are the main philosophers?

See our privacy policy.Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) … Aristotle (384–322 BCE) … Confucius (551–479 BCE) … René Descartes (1596–1650) … Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 82) … Michel Foucault (1926-1984) … David Hume (1711–77) … Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)More items…•

How did philosophy begin?

In the West, the scientific aspect of philosophy, or abstract general thought about the natural and human worlds, began in ancient Greece in the seventh century b.c.e., with inquiry about the earth and the cosmos by the so-called Pre-Socratic philosophers, many of whom continued to flourish in Socrates’ time.

What is Aristotle’s theory of reality?

According to Aristotle, everything was made of matter, shape, substance, and structure and the changes in them were the results of the organism trying to reach its potential. This potential was the part of the thing itself and every member of that species had the same potential.

Who are the 3 most important Greek philosophers?

The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These are some of the most well-known of all Greek philosophers.

Who is the father of political philosophy?

AristotleAristotle (b. 384 – d. 322 BCE), was a Greek philosopher, logician, and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is generally regarded as one of the most influential ancient thinkers in a number of philosophical fields, including political theory.

Who is the greatest philosophy?

Top 10 Greatest Philosophers in HistoryZeno of Citium.Avicenna.Thomas Aquinas.Confucius.Rene Descartes.Paul of Tarsus.Plato.Aristotle.More items…•

What is Plato’s philosophy?

Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.

Do philosophers get paid?

Philosophers, those who do, tend to be employed in very limited fields, traditionally academia. These are university professors and authors. They make their money by teaching others philosophy in classes and through media (books, videos, whatever).